After an equine athlete is injured, the veterinarians at Equine Performax frequently employ a combination of treatment options, including regenerative therapies. This category includes stem cells, Platelet-Rich Plasma (PRP), and Interleukin-1 Receptor Antagonist Protein (IRAP). Our stem cells come from the University of Tennessee where research is ongoing to ensure their preparations are the most efficacious for treatment. Typically the stem cells are injected into a vein near the injury site during a procedure known as Regional Limb Perfusion. This may be repeated a few times over the course of the rehabilitation process. PRP is often used for soft tissue injuries and can be done during a single visit to the hospital. A blood sample is taken from your horse’s jugular vein and is then processed to amplify the platelet portion, which has a variety of growth factors. It is then injected back into the horse at the site of the injury. IRAP is a treatment directed at alleviating osteoarthritic changes in joints associated with increases in inflammatory mediators (cytokines) that cause cartilage degeneration and subsequent lameness. This procedure also involves a blood sample being drawn from your horse; however, the blood is then incubated overnight to complete processing. The resulting product is injected back into the affected joint periodically for several treatments, depending on how much product is obtained.